A half-forgotten land of mountain valleys, glittering lakes and felt yurts, Kyrgyzstan is a dream for DIY adventurers, responsible tourists and closet nomads (visit immediately if you are all three). Left high and dry by the collapse of the USSR, tiny Kyrgyzstan turned to tourism, creating a cutting-edge network of community-based ecotourism ventures and homestays. A dozen adventures await the intrepid, from horse treks and yurt stays to eagle hunting and felt-making, safe in the knowledge that your tourist dollars are going straight to Kyrgyz families who need it most. Throw in some Silk Road bazaars, two spectacular mountain passes to China and an instinctive local hospitality and most travellers agree that Kyrgyzstan is Central Asia’s don’t-miss destination.

Best time to visit in Kyrgyzstan

June to September

Places to visit in Kyrgyzstan

  • Issyk-Kol, a huge inland sea fringed with beaches and framed by snowy peaks.
  • The pristine Alpine valleys of the Tian Shan range near Karakol village.
  • Tash Rabat, Central Asia’s most evocative Silk Road caravanserai.
  • Kyrgyzstan’s second city of Osh, an ancient Silk Road bazaar town on the edge the Fergana Valley.
  • The blood-red sunset washing over Khan Tengri (7010m).

Top things to do in Kyrgyzstan

  • Join your fellow nomads on a four-day horse trek to remote Song-Kol lake.
  • Cross the Irkeshtam or Torugart passes, Asia’s most exciting border crossings.
  • Overnight in a yurt or community-tourism homestay to gain an insight into life after the USSR.
  • Learn how to make a shyrdak (felt carpet), easily the country’s best souvenir.
  • Scare yourself heli-skiing in the Tian Shan mountains., just an hour from the capital Bishkek.

Discover Kyrgyzstan

  • Read the Kyrgyz novel Jamilla by Chingiz Aitmatov, Central Asia’s best known novelist
  • Listen to Music of Central Asia Vol 1: Mountain Music of Kyrgyzstan, (Smithsonian Folkways), a playlist of Kyrgyz music from traditional ensemble Tengir-Too.
  • Watch Aktan Abdykalykov’s Besh Kempir (Five Old Women)
  • Eat beshbarmak (‘five fingers’), a traditional dish of flat noodles and mutton, cooked in broth and eaten by hand
  • Drink kumys (fermented mare’s milk), sold along country roads in spring and summer

Kyrgyzstan Highlights

Horses, eagle hunters, Tian Shan mountains, yurts, political demonstrations, bride-kidnapping, community-based tourism, Soviet-era apartment blocks

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